Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (24-30 March 2011)

Thursday, 31 March 2011 00:00

Palestinian establishment targeted by Israeli warplanes this week in the north of the Gaza Strip


Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

· 3 Palestinian resistance activists were killed by IOF in the Gaza Strip, one of whom was extra-judicially executed.

- 3 Palestinian resistance activist were wounded in the Gaza Strip and one civilian was wounded in the West Bank.

· IOF warplanes launched a series or air strikes against targets in the Gaza Strip.

- The Ship Building in the northern Gaza Strip was bombarded, and at least 30 houses and two schools were damaged.

- Two tunnels were destroyed in Rafah.

- A number of Palestinian civilians were injured by shattered glass.

· IOF continued to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

- 4 Palestinian civilians, including two children, were wounded.

- IOF arrested 14 Israeli human rights defenders and two Palestinian civilians.

· IOF conducted 52 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and two limited ones into the Gaza Strip.

- IOF arrested 27 Palestinian civilians, including 14 children.

- IOF moved into Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron, and arrested 18 Palestinian civilians.

· Israel has continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

· IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

- IOF destroyed 3 water wells in Bethlehem.

- IOF destroyed a road in Qarawt Bani Hassan village near Salfit.

Summary

Israeli violations of international law and humanitarian law in the OPT continued during the reporting period (24 – 30 March 2011):

Shooting:

During the reporting period, IOF killed 3 Palestinian resistance activists and wounded 3 others in the Gaza Strip. They also wounded 5 Palestinian civilians, including two children, in the West Bank.

In the Gaza Strip, on 30 March 2011, IOF extra-judicially executed an activist of the al-Quds Brigades (the armed wing of Islamic Jihad) and wounded another one seriously in the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah.

On 27 March 2011, IOF killed two activists of the al-Quds Brigades and wounded a third one in the northern Gaza Strip. An IOF warplanes fired at these activists after they had fired home-made rockets into Israeli towns.

On 24 March 2011, a Palestinian resistance activist was wounded by a missile fired by an IOF drone in the northern Gaza Strip.

During the reporting period, IOF launched a series of air strikes and artillery shelling against targets in the Gaza Strip. As a result of these attacks, two tunnels on the Egyptian border were destroyed and at least 30 houses and two schools were damaged.

In the West Bank, IOF wounded 5 Palestinian civilians, including two children.

During the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to disperse peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to Israeli settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall in the West Bank. As a result, 4 Palestinian civilians, including two children, were wounded, and dozens of Palestinian civilians and international human rights defenders suffered from tear gas inhalation. IOF also arrested 14 Israeli human rights defenders and two Palestinian civilians.

On 25 March 2011, a Palestinian civilian, who suffers from a psychological disorder, was wounded by the Israeli police in Fassayel village near Jericho.

Incursions:

During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 52 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they arrested 27 Palestinian civilians, including 14 children. The widest incursions were into Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron, during which IOF arrested 18 Palestinian civilians, mostly children.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted two limited incursion into Palestinian areas, during which they leveled areas of Palestinian land.

Restrictions on Movement:

Israel had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip.

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip.

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip.

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

West Bank

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

· IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

· There are approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank.

· When complete, the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for 724 kilometers around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of the Wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall has been constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating Palestinian land.

· At least 65% of the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF.

· There are approximately 500 kilometers of restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without a permit issued by the IOF. These permits are extremely difficult to obtain.

· IOF continue to harass, and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful protests against the construction of the Annexation Wall.

· Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem, and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the streets by IOF.

Settlement Activities:

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

On 24 March 2011, IOF completed the destruction of 3 water wells and subordinate structures in Arab al-Rashaida village, southeast of Bethlehem. These wells were established hundreds of years ago. The destruction came before the end of the period decided by IOF for the owners to appeal against the decision to destroy them.

Also on 24 March 2011, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan village, northwest of Salfit. They destroyed al-Horriya road for the second time in 3 months. According to sources of the local council, the road was destroyed for the second time in 3 months, and IOF target the area in order to annex it to “Yakir” and “Rafafa” settlements, because it is rich with water.

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (24 – 30 March 2011)

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

Thursday, 24 March 2011

· At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided a number of houses and summoned or interrogated a number of Palestinian civilians.

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

  1. Shadi Shihda Na’im, 24;
  2. Ahmed ‘Ali Ekhlil, 30;
  3. Nasser Fat’hi Ekhlil, 22; and
  4. Mohammed ‘Ali ‘Awadh, 19.

· At approximately 01:20, an IOF warplane fired a missile at a tunnel near Saladin Gate on the Egyptian border, south of the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah. The tunnel was destroyed, but no casualties were reported.

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Jericho. They patrolled in the streets and photographed Intercontinental Hotel. They withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

· Also at approximately 01:30, IOF moved into the old town and the southern part of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians, including two brothers:

  1. ‘Adnan Mohammed Abu ‘Arafa, 22;
  2. ‘Omar Mohammed Abu ‘Arafa, 25;
  3. Jawad ‘Abdul Rahman al-Muhtasseb, 26; and
  4. Ayman Fat’hi al-Jabrini, 37.

· In the morning, an IOF drone fired a missile at an activist of the Palestinian resistance near Hammouda fuel station in the northeast of the northern Gaza Strip town of Jabalya.

· At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Abu Qash village, north of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Hijja village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 11:30, IOF moved into Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Bassem Mohammed Tamimi, 45, and arrested him.

· At approximately 11:40, IOF moved into Nabi Elias village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 11:50, IOF moved into Jafna village, northeast of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Zabbouba village, northwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets. A number of Palestinian boys gathered and threw stones at IOF military vehicles. Immediately, IOF fired tear gas canisters. They withdrew later, and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 16:55, IOF moved into Jayous village, south of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into ‘Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 20:25, IOF warplanes fired 4 missiles at the Ship Building of the Palestinian General Intelligence in the southwest of the northern Gaza Strip town of Jabalya. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians were lightly injured by shattered glass in nearby houses: Siraj Ahmed al-Sa’ati, 26; ‘Emad Nasser Ja’is, 24; and Ra’ed Mohammeed al-’Afifi, 38. The bombardment also cased damage to some properties:

  1. The upper part of the southern façade of the targeted building was destroyed.
  2. Windows of at least 30 houses near the building were broken.
  3. All windows of That al-Sawari School wer broken, and computer, labs and housekeeping rooms were heavily dmaged.
  4. All windows and 10 doors of Constantinople Secondary School were destroyed.
  5. The Museum Hotel and Restaurant was damaged.
  6. Windows of the main building of al-Hilal Sports Club were broken.
  7. Windows of the buildings of the Union of UNRWA Employees Club were broken.
  8. Ten windows and 3 doors of Sinbad Entertainment City were destroyed.

· Also at approximately 20:25, IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east and north of the northern Gaza Strip fired a number of artillery shells at Palestinian areas. IOF fired at least 5 shells. No casualties were reported, but Palestinian civilians were extremely terrified.

· Also at approximately 20:25, an IOF warplane fired a missile at a training site of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) in the northwest of al-Shati refugee camp, west of Gaza City. A number of nearby houses were damaged, but no casualties were reported.

· At approximately 20:30, IOF moved into the agricultural area located between Kufor al-Labad village and Thinnaba suburb, east of Tulkarm. They searched the area for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· Also at approximately 20:30, IOF moved into al-’Ouja village, north of Jericho. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 20:40, IOF moved into Kharabtha al-Misbah village, west of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Fassayel village, north of Jericho. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into the agricultural area located between ‘Attil and Deir al-Ghossoun villages, north of Tulkarm. They searched the area for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 25 March 2011

· At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Qabatya village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Rami Ahmed Kmayel, 32, and arrested him. They also confiscated his personal computer.

· In the morning the Israeli police fired a Palestinian civilian, who suffers from a psychological disorder, in Fassayel village, north of Jericho. He was wounded and then arrested by the police. According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 08:30, Karam Suleiman ‘Eissa, 35, from Balata refugee camp east of Nablus, moved from his work in Fassayel village, north of Jericho, to the toilettes of the mosque in the village. He was accompanied by his employer, Fawzat Abu Hussam, 45. An Israeli soldier who was on the main road called on ‘Eissa to stop, but he did not do. The soldier shouted on ‘Eissa, so ‘Eissa threw stones at him. An Israeli police vehicle arrived at the area, and police officers fired at ‘Eissa. He was wounded by two bullets to both legs. The Israeli police transported him to an Israeli hospital. They also detained the employer for a few hours. According to ‘Eissa’s family, he suffers from a psychological disorder and he regularly takes medicines. When he threw stones at the soldier, he had not taken his medicines.

· At approximately 09:30, IOF move into al-Mentar area in ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They searched the area for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 18:20, IOF moved into the west of Qalqilya. They searched the area for some time, claiming that a Molotov cocktail was thrown at the annexation wall. They withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

Saturday, 26 March 2011

· At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Jayous village, north of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 19:15, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Beit Liqya village, west of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

Sunday, 27 March 2011

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 08:00, an IOF drone fired a missile at a number of activists of al-Quds Brigades (the armed wing of Islamic Jihad), who had fired home-made rockets into Israeli town, near Hammouda fuel station in the east of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip. Two activists were killed by shrapnel throughout their bodies:

  1. Sabri Hashem Mohammed ‘Assaliya, 20, from Beit Lahia town; and
  2. Radwan Ahmed Mohammed al-Namrouti, 32, from al-Zawaida village in the central Gaza Strip.

A third activist was wounded by shrapnel to the chest and the right hand.

· At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Beit ‘Our al-Tahta village, west of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Maithaloun village, south of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 15:50, IOF moved into Beit Ameen village, south of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· Also at approximately 15:50, IOF moved into Snirya village, south of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into al-Bireh. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Fassayel village, north of Jericho. They raided a house belonging to Mohammed Mahmoud Nawawra, 58. They forced residents of the house and searched it. They withdrew from the village at approximately 01:00 on the following day, and no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 23:50, IOF moved into al-’Ouja village, northeast of Jericho. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 28 March 2011

· At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Jericho. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 02:00, in the context of continued collective punishment measures against Palestinian civilian in Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron, IOF moved into the village. They raided and searched dozens of houses. According to investigations conducted by PCHR, IOF forced residents of houses out and searched the houses using tracker dogs. In this context, Israeli soldiers violently beat Ahmed Hamed Za’aqiq, 40, when protested the way they searched the house and arrested his child. He sustained bruises to the face, the back and the limbs. During this campaign, IOF arrested 14 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children:

1. Jameel Ahmed Za’aqiq, 15;

2. Mohammed Yasser Za’aqiq, 18;

3. Ahmed Yasser Za’aqiq, 17;

4. Ahmed Mohamed Ekhlil, 22;

5. Muntasser Ibrahim Ekhlil, 20;

6. Mohammed ‘Azzam al-Za’aqiq, 16;

7. Malek Nayef Slaibi, 16;

8. ‘Allam Yousef ‘Awadh, 14;

9. Ahmed Yousef Sabarna, 18;

10. Mohammed Yousef Sabarna, 17;

11. Shareef Fat’hi Braighaith, 18;

12. Hassam Majed Slaibi, 16;

13. Eihab Mohammed Abu Fanous, 14; and

14. Yousef ‘Aayesh Sabarna, 14.

It is worth noting that at least 200 Palestinian civilians, mostly children, have been arrested by IOF in the town since the beginning of 2011, according to sources of the Palestinian Prisoners Club in the town.

· Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kufor Laqef village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested ‘Abada ‘Abdul Karim Madaniya, 19. They confiscated a hunting rifle from the house.

· At approximately 09:00, IOF moved in ‘Ein Yabroud village, northeast of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.

· At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Deir Abu Da’if village, east of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into the vicinity of Haddad Tourist Village, southeast of Jenin. They broke into the village and searched it. They withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Ramin village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into the areas located between ‘Azzoun and ‘Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya. They searched the area and arrested ‘Omar ‘Omran Hassan, 16, claiming that they threw stones at them.

· At approximately 23:50, IOF moved into al-Zbaidat village, north of Jericho. They patrolled in the streets for some and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 29 March 2011

· At approximately 02:30, an IOF warplane fired a missile at a tunnel on the Egyptian border near Yibna refugee camp, south of Rafah. The tunnel was destroyed and no casualties were reported.

· At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Jericho. They patrolled in the streets and photographed a training site of the Palestinian Presidential Guard and the roadblock of the Palestinian National Security Forces. They withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 08:30, IOF move nearly 200 meters into al-Musaddar village in the central Gaza Strip. They leveled areas of Palestinian land near the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

· At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into ‘Allar village, north of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· Also at approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Kfairet village, southeast of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· Also at approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Rummana village, northwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into al-Bireh. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Maithaloun village, south of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 11:30, IOF moved into Kufor Ra’ei village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 21:50, IOF moved into Bir Zeit village, north of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 30 March 2011

· At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into ‘Anabta village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched a number of houses. They took 3 Palestinian civilians to an area far from the village: Ameen Khaled Abu Haniya, 45; Khaled ‘Abdul Rahim Abu Haniya, 40; and Baker Sa’id Abu Haniya, 45. They interrogated these civilians about allegations of hiding weapons in their houses, although they thoroughly searched the housed and did not find anything. IOF violently beat these civilians during interrogation, and released them at 05:00.

· At approximately 02:20, IOF moved into Tulkarm and patrolled in the streets. They then moved eastward into Nour Shams refugee camp. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew a few hours later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 10:30, IOF moved nearly 400 meters into Bourat Abu Samra area in the north of the northern Gaza Strip of Beit Lahia. They opened fire and leveled areas of land, which they had already razed. Palestinian farmers were forced to leave the area. At approximately 15:30, IOF moved back to the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

2. Use of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrations Protesting Settlement Activities and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

During the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, 4 Palestinian civilians, including a child, were wounded. Dozens of Palestinian civilians and human rights defenders also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises. Additionally, IOF arrested 14 Israeli human rights defenders and two Palestinian civilians.

· Following the Friday Prayer on 25 March 2011, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Bil’ein village, west of Ramallah, in protest to the construction of the annexation wall. Israeli soldiers stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians, including a child, were wounded:

1. Ibrahim ‘Abdul Fattah Bernat, 28, hit by a tear gas canister to the right hand;

2. Ahmed Rebhi Abu Rahma, 17, wounded by a bullet to the right foot; and

3. Mohammed Suleiman Bernat, 20, sustained burns to the face.

Additionally, a number of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation.

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 25 March 2011, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Ne’lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against the construction of the annexation wall. They clashed with Israeli troops positioned near the Wall. Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at demonstrators. As a result, a number of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation.

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 25 March 2011, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, in protest against land confiscations in the Wad al-Raya area between the villages of Nabi Saleh and Deir Nizam. When the demonstrators attempted to reach areas of land seized by Israeli settlers near “Halmish” settlement, Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, Mahmoud Wajeeh Tamimi, 15, was wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right hand. A number of demonstrators also suffered from tear gas inhalation. Additionally, IOF arrested 12 international human rights defenders and 18-year-old ‘Odai ‘Abdul Raziq Tamimi, 18.

· At approximately 13:00 on Saturday, 26 March 2011, Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron, in protest to the tightened siege imposed in the town. They moved towards the main entrance of the town, which has been closed by IOF. Immediately, IOF chased the demonstrators and fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs at them. IOF also arrested three demonstrators: Kopi Levi, 30, and Israeli human rights defender; Katia, an American human rights defender; and ‘Emad Ahmed Abu Hashem, 21, a Palestinian civilian.

3. Extra-Judicial Execution

During the reporting period, IOF extra-judicially executed an activist of the al-Quds Brigades (the armed wing of Islamic Jihad) and wounded another one in the southern Gaza Strip of Rafah.

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 04:15 on Wednesday, 30 March 2011, an IOF warplane fired a missile at Mohammed Khaled Suleiman Abu Mo’ammar, 25, and ‘Abdullah Saleh al-Ghalban, 25, as soon as they got out of the former’s house near Martyr Tariq Abu al-Hussain Mosque in al-Nasser village, north of Rafah, for the Dawn Prayer. The two were seriously wounded. They were evacuated to European Gaza Hospital in Khan Yunis. At approximately 06:10, Abu Mo’ammar was pronounced dead. Al-Ghalban is still in a serious condition and his right leg was amputated. Abu Mo’ammar was an activist of the al-Quds Brigades (the armed wing of Islamic Jihad), while al-Ghalban is a member of the Salafi movement.

4. Continued Closure of the OPT

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip.

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip.

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip.

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

Movement at Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

Movement at Rafah International Crossing Point

23 – 29 March 2011

Date

Details

23 March 2011

276 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 201 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

24 March 2011

294 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 203 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

25 March 2011

Closed.

26 March 2011

Closed.

27 March 2011

260 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 330 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

28 March 2011

251 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 193 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

29 March 2011

237 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 162 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

Movement at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

22 – 29 March 2011

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Liters

22 March 2011

Foodstuffs

1,052

Agricultural materials

1,294

Various goods

1,160

Humanitarian aids

736

Cooking gas

205.110

23 March 2011

Foodstuffs

860

Agricultural materials

1,467

Various goods

982

Humanitarian aids

860

Cooking gas

204.210

24 March 2011

Foodstuffs

908

Agricultural materials

1,900

Various goods

1,373

Humanitarian aids

590

Cooking gas

207.370

27 March 2011

Foodstuffs

731

Agricultural materials

1,427

Various goods

1,586

Humanitarian aids

87

Cooking gas

203,190

28 March 2011

Foodstuffs

923

Agricultural materials

1,450

Various goods

668

Humanitarian aids

518

Cooking gas

205.280

29 March 2011

Foodstuffs

1,175

Agricultural materials

1,702

Various goods

1,017

Humanitarian aids

990

Cooking gas

205.790

Notes:

· On Tuesday, 22 March 2011, IOF allowed the entry of 18 tons of iron and 300 tons of cement for UNRWA. They also allowed the entry of 1,131 tons of wheat.

· On Wednesday, 23 March 2011, IOF allowed the entry of 36 tons of iron, 120 tons of cement and 132 tons of construction aggregate for UNRWA. They also allowed the entry of 1,328 tons of fodders.

· On Thursday, 24 March 2011, IOF allowed the entry of 190 tons of cement and 96 tons of construction aggregate for UNRWA. They also allowed the entry of 1,716 tons of fodders.

· On Sunday, 27 March 2011, IOF allowed the entry of 1,209 tons of wheat.

· On Monday, 28 March 2011, IOF allowed the entry of 280 tons of cement for UNRWA. They also allowed the entry of 1,287 tons of wheat and 53 tons of fodders.

· On Tuesday, 29 March 2011, IOF allowed the entry of 120 tons of cement, 70 tons of construction aggregate and 95 tons of iron for UNRWA. They also allowed the entry of 1,521 tons of fodders.

Exports

· On Tuesday, 22 March 2011, 206 tons of tomatoes and 265,000 flowers were exported.

· On Wednesday, 23 March 2011, 106 tons of tomatoes were exported.

· On Thursday, 24 March 2011, 129,000 flowers were exported.

· On Monday, 28 March 2011, 85,000 flowers were exported.

· On Tuesday, 29 March 2011, 153,000 flowers were exported.

Al-Mentar (Karni) Crossing: IOF completely closed the crossing.

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of international journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited number of patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the crossing. They have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting their relatives who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients permitted to pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe restrictions that include prolonged checking.

Movement at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

16 – 22 March 2011

Date

23 March

24 March

25 March

26 March

27 March

28 March

29 March

Patients

35

28

3

Nil

49

53

34

Companions

33

25

2

Nil

45

53

31

Arabs from Israel

6

Nil

5

Nil

2

6

Nil

Diplomats

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

11

International Journalists

Nil

28

3

Nil

2

3

1

International Workers

42

59

4

Nil

10

12

36

UN Workers

22

24

Nil

Nil

Nil

8

9

Travelers abroad

10

4

Nil

Nil

2

Nil

1

Business People

60

56

Nil

Nil

52

64

67

Economic Meetings

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

3

Nil

Security Interviews

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

VIP’s

Nil

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

4

3

2

Nil

4

Nil

1

Ambulances from Israel

3

2

2

Nil

3

2

2

The West Bank

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

· Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays, preventing Muslim Palestinians from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque.

· Ramallah: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of the Palestinian civilians in Ramallah. At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 24 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. At approximately 13:00, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of Turmos’iya village, north of Ramallah. At approximately 11:30 on Friday, 25 March 2011, IOF re-established their presence at ‘Attara checkpoint, north of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 10:30 on Saturday, 26 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint on Silwad – ‘Ein Yabroud road, northeast of Ramalllah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 16:00 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. At approximately 20:00 on the same, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of Beit Liqya village, west of Ramallah. At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 28 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. At approximately 10:30 on Tuesday, 29 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint between Bitouna town and Beit ‘Our al-Fouqa village, west of Ramallah. At approximately 13:00 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of al-Lubban al-Gharbi village, northwest of Ramallah. At approximately 18:30 on the same day, IOF re-established their presence at ‘Attara checkpoint, north of Ramallah.

· Hebron: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. For the second consecutive week, IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron. They have continued to close all entrances of the town. They have prohibited the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the town.

· Qalqilya: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Thursday, 24 March 2011, IOF established 5 checkpoints around the town. On Saturday, 26 March 2011, IOF established 7 checkpoints around the town. On Sunday, 20 March 2011, IOF established 6 checkpoints around the town. At approximately 10:30 on Monday, 28 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at Jeet intersection. At approximately 14:15 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya.

· Tulkarm: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 19:00 on Thursday, 24 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilians vehicles. At approximately 17:30 on Friday, 25 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint on Tulkarm – Qalqilya road in al-Kafriyat area, south of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

· Jenin: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 07:30 on Friday, 25 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of al-Mansoura village, south of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 26 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Sanour village, south of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

· Salfit: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 17:00 on Monday, 28 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Yassouf village, east of Salfit. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

· Jericho: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 11:10 on Thursday, 24 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance of Jericho. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 18:20 on Friday, 25 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of ‘Ein al-Dyouk village, north of Jericho. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 28 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint near the southern entrance of Jericho. At approximately 18:00 on Tuesday, 24 March 2011, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of al-Jiftlek village, north of Jericho. At approximately 19:00 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of ‘Ein al-Dyouk village, north of Jericho.

5. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

· On Thursday morning, 24 March 2011, IOF completed the destruction of 3 water wells and subordinate structures in Arab al-Rashaida village, southeast of Bethlehem. According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 23 March 2011, IOF, accompanied by a bulldozer, moved into Arab al-Rashaida village. They began to destroy 3 water wells, that are used for collective rainwater. These wells were established hundreds of years ago. The destruction came before the end of the period decided by IOF for the owners to appeal against the decision to destroy them. The wells’ details are as follows:

1. A well that absorbs 280 cubic meters of water belonging to Yousef Hussein Rashaida;

2. A well that absorbs 3,000 cubic meters of water belonging to ‘Ali Salem Mad’an; and

3. A well that absorbs 225 cubic meters of water belonging to Majed Ehdaiwi Rashaida.

· At approximately 09:55 on Thursday, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan village, northwest of Salfit. They destroyed al-Horriya road for the second time in 3 months. They withdrew from the village at approximately 12:20. According to sources of the local council, the road was destroyed for the second time in 3 months, and IOF target the area in order to annex it to “Yakir” and “Rafafa” settlements, because it is rich with water.

…………………………………………………………

Recommendations to the International Community

1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel’s respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

4. PCHR calls for the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

5. PCHR recommends that international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their governments to bring the perpetrators to justice.

6. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

7. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented in September 2005, for what it is – not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip.

8. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

9. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

10. PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

11. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace process or agreement must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.

…………………………………………………………

Public Document

For further information please visit our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email ( pchr@pchrgaza.org This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ) or telephone (+972 (0)8 282 4776 – 282 5893).

Source

Comments are closed.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 40,929 other followers

%d bloggers like this: